Masters in Official Statistics' Modules


First year Modules


 Course Content

Basic Statistical Technique


  • Descriptive Statistics including Frequency distribution,
  • Frequency Curves,
  • Mean, Median ,Mode
  • correlation
  • regression,
  • Probability distribution,
  • Inference
  • Estimation
  • Un-biasedness
  • consistency
  • Testing of Hypothesis
  • Estimation procedure
  • Simple Random Sampling

Introduction to social statistics

  • Description of the term social statistics
  • Scope of social statistics
  • Challenges of standards and concepts in social statistics
  • Uses of social statistics in developing countries
  • Visibility of social statistics in the society
  • Characteristics of social policy and planning in developing countries

Health and Family welfare Statistics

  • System of collection of Health and Family Welfare Statistics
  • Indicators related to Health and Family Welfare Statistics
  • different programmes and their status in relation to health and Family Welfare
  • Demographic and health surveys

Education statistics

  • Purposes/functions of education statistics
  • Procedures for collecting education statistics
  • Procedures for collecting education statistics
  • Data Needs in Education Statistics
  • Computation and interpretation of education rates and ratios
  • Education financing: Public and Private Financing

Housing statistics

  • Definition of a house
  • Difference of housing from other goods
  • Importance of housing statistics
  • Scope of housing statistics
  • Housing situation in the world, specifically in developing countries
  • Characteristics of censuses of housing and their importance

Labour, employment and earnings statistics

  • Importance of labour statistics
  • Concepts and  definitions used in lanour statistics
  • Sources of labour statistics
  • Characteristics of labour statistics in developing countries
  • Labour VS Employment statistics
  • Importance of employment statistics
  • Sources and uses of Earning statistics

Gender Statistics

  • Gender Statistics
  • GENDER Issues
  • Engendering Statistical Offices – Mechanism/Effective Strategy
  • Gender in various Areas
  • Gender in informal Sector
  • Gender Budgeting
  • Gender Analysis Framework
  • Gender Auditing
  • Indicators like HDR,GDI and GEM and its relevance in policy making and its relation to gender statistics and gender inequality
  • MDG Goals in relation to Gender Statistics

Criminal and justice statistics

  • The need for a criminal justice system (CJS) in a country
  • Basic user and management requirements for a system of criminal justice system (CJS)
  • Uses of criminal justice statistics
  • Organisational models for a national CJS
  • Scope and content of a national system of CJS
  • Methods of collection CJS


  • Basic concepts of Economics: Growth
  • Inclusive Growth,
  • Substantial Growth,
  • Development ,
  • Growth vs Development

Basics of Microeconomic Theory

  • Essentials of Economics,
  •  The Market Forces of Supply and Demand,
  •  Consumer Behavior and Rational Choice,
  •  Demand Elasticity and Its Applications,
  •  Demand Estimation and Forecasting,
  •  Production Theory,
  •  Cost Analysis,
  •  Decision-making  in Competitive Markets,
  •  Decision-making  for Firms with Market Power,
  • Pricing Techniques,
  • Game-Theory
  • Applications in Strategic Decision-Making

Basics of Macroeconomic Theory

  • Macroeconomics:
  • Orientation to Macroeconomics,
  • Measuring the Value of Economic Activity,
  • Aggregate Demand - The Goods Market and Money Market
  • The Influence of Monetary and Fiscal Policy on Aggregate Demand,
  • Open Economy, Money
  •  Inflation,
  • Aggregate Supply and the Short-run Tradeoff between Inflation and Unemployment(including case studies from real life situation

Agricultural Statistics

  • System of collection, compilation, dissemination and different indicators relating to Agriculture:
  • Land Use Classification
  • Area, yield and production statistics
  • forecasting
  • Cost of cultivation Surveys
  • Agricultural Census
  • Agriculture Marketing, Agriculture Insurance
  • Livestock Census & Animal Husbandry Statistics
  • Crop area estimation using GIS and Remote sensing technology

Industrial Statistics

  • Basic Concepts in Industrial Statistics including classification, scope, basic definitions used in the survey, industry types,
  • salient features of Acts and Registration Systems,
  • Industrial and Product classification
  • Index of Industrial Production (IIP) – concepts and compilation procedures with practical and exercise
  • Annual Survey of Industries
  • Economic Census
  • Survey or un-organised sector non-agricultural enterprises

Price Statistics

  • Importance of prices
  • Types of prices and their relationships
  • Sources of data on price statistics

Business Statistics

  • Nature and distribution of business enterprises in a country
  • Sources of business statistics
  • Classifications, Concepts and definitions used in business statistics
  • Importance of central register of establishments for business statistics

Trade Statistics

  • Importance of trade statistics
  • Sources of external trade statistics
  • Classifications,  Concepts and definitions used in external trade statistics
  • Imports vs exports and their treatments
  • Indices in external trade statistics
  • Sources of distributive trade statistics
  • Classifications,  Concepts and definitions used in distributive trade statistics
  • Methods of collecting distributive trade statistics
  • Indices in distributive trade

National Statistical Systems

  • Definition of  national statistical system
  • Stakeholders of a national statistical system
  • Importance of developing a national strategy for the development of statistics (NSDS)
  • Nature and characteristics of an NSDS
  • The importance of consultations in the development of the NSDS
  • Different stages in developing an NSDS
  • Mandates and obligations of sectors in the NSS
  • Formation of a national council for coordinating an NSS
  • Functions of a national council

Introduction to basics of Computers


  • Some basic concepts of Computers -Hardware
  • Introduction to MS-Office-Word
  • MS office-Excel, Internet,

Population and Demographic and vital Statistics

  • Population Census
  • Historical background and detail of various Population Surveys conducted in Tanzania
  • Impact of population growth on the socio-economic development of a country
  • Migration
  • Population Projection
  • Population Dividend
  • Registration system of births, deaths, marriage and divorce – Civil Registration System, Sample Registration System
  • Different vital Statistics
  •  concepts and measurements of fertility, mortality, morbidity, nuptiality

Environment Statistics

  • Nature of environment statistics
  • A framework for the development of environment statistics
  • Scope and characteristics of statistics of the natural environment
  • Social and economic activities and natural events
  • Environmental impacts of activities and impact
  • Response to environmental impacts


Energy Statistics

  • Sources of energy statistics
  • Problems of coverage, definition and frequency of data collection
  • Infrastructure for energy statistics collection
  • Collection of energy statistics and likely source of data

Infrastructure and construction statistics

  • Description and nature of infrastructure services
  • Scope of infrastructure
  • Concepts and indicators in infrastructure services
  • Importance of infrastructure services
  • Sources of infrastructure statistics
  • Components of infrastructure statistics
  • Scope and nature of construction statistics
  • Concepts used in construction statistics
  • Methods of collecting infrastructure and construction statistics

Poverty Statistics

  • Poverty and its Measures
  • Estimation process of poverty,
  • Gini Coefficient and Measures of Inequality
  • Poverty line and its aggregates

National Accounts

  • Overview of National Accounts
  • Macro Economic Aggregates
  • GVA estimation by Industry
  • Informal Sector
  • Analysis of Business accounts
  • Analysis of Government accounts
  • Capital Formation
  • NPI Accounts and Concepts/Classification/Grouping of items COICOP
  • GFCE

Index Number

  • Overview of the major indices being compiled in a country
  • compilation and method of construction of WPI, CPI, SDI, HDI and GDI;
  • concept of Composite Index ;
  •  Hedonic Index Numbers; Malmquist Index;
  • Axiomatic Approach to Price Index Numbers;
  • Implicit Price Deflators in National Accounts

Sample Survey Methodology & Estimation

  • Sample Survey methodology
  • Conceptual framework of Multi-stage stratified design in country-wide sample surveys
  •  Exposure to new advances like rotation panel survey
  •  network sampling, introduction to small area estimation


  • Network sampling, introduction to small area estimation etc.
  • Linear and nonlinear Estimation procedures with special reference to measuring Survey efficiencies
  • Reliability of estimates (including application of Bootsrap/Jackknife technique

Designing and Organizing a large scale sample survey

  • Sampling Techniques used in Large Scale Sample Surveys in Tanzania
  •  Survey Planning – Frame,
  • selection of sampling scheme,
  • sample size;
  • Sampling & Non-sampling errors and precision of estimates
  • Determination of Sample Size


  • Survey Preparation – Design of questionnaire etc.
  •  Preparation, Availability, Use & Maintenance/Updating of Frames


Data Processing and Data Analysis using SPSS/STATA

  • Introduction to SPSS/STATA
  • Data structure of unit level data,
  • Mapping, data entry layout
  •  schedule
  • scrutiny of unit level data
  • creating tables
  •  Imputation of missing data technique.

Report writing

  • Understanding the techniques
  •  layout  of Report writing;
  •  literature Review
  • Documentation to be done

Undertake a project on Sample Survey

  • Designing and execution of a small survey by using the knowledge gained during the module

Monitoring and Evaluation of Schemes

  • Importance of monitoring
  • concept and method of impact evaluation; practice-based learning
  • Monitoring & Evaluation

mechanism for different schemes

and programmes